Acupuncture involves needles being inserted at certain acupuncture points, mostly found along meridian lines. These lines represent organs of the body and have their origins in ancient Chinese medical history. The most common use for acupuncture is pain relief, most commonly back pain. However, acupuncture can be used to treat nearly all sources of muscle and joint pain. Dry needling is performed using acupuncture-type needles to treat the musculoskeletal and nervous systems based on modern neuroanatomy science. Dry needling is an effective and efficient technique for the treatment of muscular pain and myofascial pain syndrome.